The Senate Select Committee on Intelligence released its report on the Central Intelligence Agency’s Detention and Interrogation Program today. The 525-page report, declassified after being heavily redacted from a 6,200-page classified version, discusses CIA activities between 2001 and 2009.
Remember “enhanced interrogation” and waterboarding and extraordinary rendition and all that? This relates to those.
The report contains an executive summary at the beginning. It’s 19 pages long, and I encourage you to read it. To help spur you to actually read it, I’m quoting (verbatim) its “findings and conclusions” here.
CIA Report: Findings and Conclusions
Everything in this section is quoted from the executive summary. I’m just taking the findings themselves, not the supporting explanations; you’ll need to read the report for those. Where there is emphasis, it is mine, not the report’s.
The Committee makes the following findings and conclusions:
- The CIA’s use of its enhanced interrogation techniques was not an effective means of acquiring intelligence or gaining cooperation from detainees.
- The CIA’s justification for the use of its enhanced interrogation techniques rested on inaccurate claims of their effectiveness.
- The interrogations of CIA detainees were brutal and far worse than the CIA represented to policymakers and others.
- The conditions of confinement for CIA detainees were harsher than the CIA had represented to policymakers and others.
- The CIA repeatedly provided inaccurate information to the Department of Justice, impeding a proper legal analysis of the CIA’s Detention and Interrogation Program.
- The CIA has actively avoided or impeded congressional oversight of the program.
- The CIA impeded effective White House oversight and decision-making.
- The CIA’s operation and management of the program complicated, and in some cases impeded, the national security missions of other Executive Branch agencies.
- The CIA impeded oversight by the CIA’s Office of Inspector General.
- The CIA coordinated the release of classified information to the media, including inaccurate information concerning the effectiveness of the CIA’s enhanced interrogation techniques.
- The CIA was unprepared as it began operating its Detention and Interrogation Program more than six months after being granted detention authorities.
- The CIA’s management and operation of its Detention and Interrogation Program was deeply flawed throughout the program’s duration, particularly so in 2002 and early 2003.
- Two contract psychologists devised the CIA’s enhanced interrogation techniques and played a central role in the operation, assessments, and management of the CIA’s Detention and Interrogation Program. By 2005, the CIA had overwhelmingly outsourced operations related to the program.
- CIA detainees were subjected to coercive interrogation techniques that had not been approved by the Department of Justice or had not been authorized by CIA Headquarters.
- The CIA did not conduct a comprehensive or accurate accounting of the number of individuals it detained, and held individuals who did not meet the legal standard for detention. The CIA’s claims about the number of detainees held and subjected to its enhanced interrogation were inaccurate.
- The CIA failed to adequately evaluate the effectiveness of its enhanced interrogation techniques.
- The CIA rarely reprimanded or held personnel accountable for serious and significant violations, inappropriate activities, and systemic and individual management failures.
- The CIA marginalized and ignored numerous internal critiques, criticisms, and objections concerning the operation and management of the CIA’s Detention and Interrogation Program.
- The CIA’s Detention and Interrogation Program was inherently unsustainable and had effectively ended by 2006 due to unauthorized press disclosures, reduced cooperation from other nations, and legal and oversight concerns.
- The CIA’s Detention and Interrogation Program damaged the United States’ standing in the world, and resulted in significant monetary and non-monetary costs.
So, the Senate committee has issued its findings that this is what happened. Our embassies around the world are tightening security in anticipation of a wave of anti-American rhetoric and attacks in light of what our government did in our names.
I have no idea what we do about this.
How do we hold people accountable? Can we hold people accountable? What are the steps from here? I wish I knew. What do we do?